Strain can be defined as the ratio of extension per unit length
Let original length=L
(i) Silicon Dioxide
(ii) Silica Powder
(iii) Germanium Tetrachloride
(i) Ferromagnetic material
(ii) Diamgentic material
(iii) Pamangentic material
Satellite are used for monitoring weather conditions
i)Rockets are used for space travel
iii)launching satellites into space
Range = u²Sin2tita/g
At maximum range
Sin2tita = 1
2tita = 90dgrees
Tita = 90/2 = 45degree
Maximum height reached = u²sin²tita/2g
Given constant = 2.9×10^-3mk
Temperature = 57degreeC = (57+273)k = 330k
Using landamaxT = constant
landamaxT330 = 2.9×10^-3
landamax = 2.9×10^-3/330
landamax = 8.788×10^-6m
The speed of electromagnetic wave, v = 3×10^8m/s
Using V = f landa
f = v/landa
LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.
Laser is a device that generates an intense beam of coherent monochromatic light or other electromagnetic radiation by stimulated emission of photons from excited atoms or molecules.
(i) Nature of the Substance
(ii) Medium of transmission
(i)State or phase of the substance (i.e Solid, Liquid or gas).
(ii)Temperature of the medium
(ii) Specific hear capacity of the body
The statement means that the amount of hear energy required to change 1kg of liquid mercury to gaseous mercury without change in temperature is 2.72*10^5Kg^-1
PleasenNote (π) means Change in temperature Q
V^2/R * t=MCπQ
(220)^2 *5 *60/35=0.3*Lv
Diffraction is the ability of waves to bend around obstacles in their path
Critical angle is the highest angle of incidence in a denser medium when angle of refraction in the less dense mediumis 90 degrees
The refractive index of the glass is obtained as follows
The refractive index(n)=sini/sinr=sin46/sin90=0.7193/1
f1=3v/4l =>closed pipe
but 3fo=f1=>closed pipe
Also f1=2fo=>open pipe
(12a) This is defined as the amount of energy that must be supplied to a nucleus to completely separate it’s nuclear particles (nucleons)
(i) They have short wavelength and high frequency.
(ii) They are highly penetrating.
(iii) They travel in straight lines.
(iv) They don’t require material medium for their propagation.
-It is used in production of electricity.
-It is used to study and detect charges in genetic engineering.
-It is used in agriculture.
-It is used in treatment of cancer.
E = hf-hfo
but f = v/landa
E= v/landa.h – wo
Where wo = hfo = work function
landa = wavelength
hf = hfo – E
f = hfo – E/h
f = wo – E/h
Recall; that v = f landa
Therefore f = v/landa = 3×10^8/4.5×10-7
=3/4.5 × 10^8+7
f = 6.6×10^14Hz
E = hf
=6.6×10^-34 × 6.6×10^14Hz
Energy of the photoelectron E = hf – vo
=Energy of incident electron – work function
=4.356×10^-19J – 3.0×10^-19J