NECO 2018 AGRIC ANSWER

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AGRIC OBJ:
1-10: EBABDCEEEC
11-20: CBECEBAEDE
21-30: EDBDBBDCEC
31-40: CAACDABABB
41-50:
51-60:
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*NECO AGRIC ANSWERS*

*You Are To Answer 4 Questions In All, One Question from Each Section*
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*SECTION A*

(2a)

(i)problem of land Tenure
(ii)problems of basic Amenities
(iii)problems of finance and poor financing
(iv)poor transportation
(v)poor tools and farm machines
(vi)poor marketing system
(vii)poor communication
(viii)Lack of Good Agricultural Education

(2bi)
*Green Resolution:*

(i)To ensure adequate,
reliable and safe food
supplies for a rapidly
growing population

(ii)To become self reliant
in basic food requirements

(iii)To raise and stabilize
the nutritional standards
of Nigerians

(2bii)
*River Basin development Authority:*

(i)It aims at improving rural infrastructure which will reduce migration to urban areas

(ii)construction of goad roads to project sites for easy transportation

(iii)construction of fish ponds , this will make way for large production of fingerlies to farmers.

(2c)

(i)High maintenance cost of machines
(ii)it is very expensive to practice
(iii)it can cause environmental pollution
(iv)It make farm labour redundant because it lead to displacement of workers
(v)it cause Erosion

(2d)

(i)Pull taut chains, tapes or ropes
(ii)Make sure the chain is not faulty
(iii)Avoid error due to parallax when reading measurement
(iv)Avoid error of transposing figures on papers

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*SECTION B*

3a)

Nutrient cycle is the movement and exchange of organic and inorganic
matter back into the production of matter. In Other Words they are nutrients are not lost to the environment but instead can be re-used.

3b)
i)Bush burning
ii)Over grazing
iii)Percolation and leaching
iv)Erosion

3ci)
i)Good soil texture leads to high agricultural yield.
ii)It leads to maintenance of soil quality

3cii)
i)High temperature causes drought
ii)It leads to death of animals in some instances

3ciii)
i)They destroy farm produce.
ii)They reduce the value of farm produce.

3d)
i)Soil erosion and sedimentation
ii)Application of fertilizer
iii)Application of pesticides
iv)Bush burning

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*SECTION C*

6a)

i) *Threshing* is the process of loosening the edible part of grain (or other crop) from the husks and straw to which it is attached.

ii) *Parboiling* involves partial boiling of the paddy before milling in order to increase its nutritial value, to change the texture of cooked rice, and reduce the breakage in milling

6b)
i) Black bug
ii) Mole cricket

6c)
i) Biological method
ii) Cultural method
iii) Physical method
iv) Chemical method

6d)
i) Forestry provides jobs for more than people across the world

ii) It Provides food , medicine , timbers etc for many domestic and industrial processes

iii) Forest helps in the stabilization of climate

iv) Planting of forests help in the purification of air and balancing the amount of CO2 and O2 in the environment

6e)

i) Oak
ii) Birch
iii) Flowering pear
iv) Flowering Crabapple

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*SECTION D*

7ai)
Causal Organism is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. In other words The disease is caused by a virus

7aii)
i)Weight loss.
ii)Low conception rates.

7aiii)
i)Through contact with an infected person’s saliva, stool, or respiratory secretions.

7aiv)
i)Monitor and report illness;
ii)Appropriate disposal of manure and dead carcasses.

7av)
i)Good biosecurity measures should be practiced on uninfected farms to prevent entry of the virus.

7b)

i)It regulate the acidity of the blood.

ii)It control the concentrations of water and salt in the body fluids

iii)It excrete the waste product urea

7c)

i)Air is sucked in through the mouth or nose.

ii)Gas Exchange or oxygen deprived, dark blue blood is then delivered to the blood vessels of the lungs.

iii)Muscle contraction or it requires muscular effort.

7d)

i)Evaluating the effects of air stress during storage on aerobic stability

ii)Analysing the effects of exposure to air at feed-out of silage on methane

iii)Evaluating the effects of 6 silage additives on storage losses, silage quality.

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Section E
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(Number 9)

(9a)
(i)Nigerian Capital Market Serves As
Link Between farmers(producer) And consumer
(ii)it encourages the processing of farm produce, into forms that the consumer desire.
(iii)The exportation of agricultural products abroad provides foreign exchange to the government and country
(iv)The sale of agricultural products can provide money or income to the farmers

9b)
Given that 
Percentage Change in quantity = 15 -12 = 3 
3/12 x 100= 25%
Change in price = 1700-1400 =300
300/1700 x 100= 17. 65%
Elasticity = 25/17. 65 
Elasticity = 1. 42

(9c)
(i)Farm settlement scheme
(ii)Operation feed the Nation
(iii)Green resolution
(iv)Agricultural development project

(9d)
(Pick two)
(i)it includes farm and home visit
(ii)it also includes office calls
(iii)Telephone calls
(iv)The use of letters and correspondence

(9e)
(i)Balance sheet:-The balance sheet show the capital or financial position of the farm at the end of the accounting period, usually a year. In balance sheet, list of assets is on the right hand side and the list of liability or debt is on the left hand side

(ii)Farm income statement:it comprises all the farm receipts(sales) and expenses carried out on the farm out on the farm over a specified period of time. Farm income statement gives an accurate idea of the profitability of the farm

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