WAEC 2016 MAY/JUNE 100% CORRECT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE 2 ,ESSAY,THEORY (Essay),PAPER 1,ESSAY,THEORY(Obj),QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS – FOR ESSAY,THEORY AND OBJ

 

AGRIC OBJ:

1-10: BBCDBBBADC

11-20: DBACACCDCC

21-30: AACBDDBBCA

31-40: CCBBBCBADB

41-50: DBCCDADBBD

(4a)

-Artificial insemination: Is the process by which semen of a desired male animal is inserted into the vulva of the female ie no physical contact between two animals

-Pen mating: Is the one which a group of male and female animals are allowed to mate at random without any preference

-Individual mating:The farmer selects the mate and female animals to be material with preference

 

(4b)

DRAW THE DIAGRAM

 

(4c)

-They give beauty to the environment

-They provide capital when sold

-They help reduce green house effect

-They are used for decoration purposes

-They encourage pollination

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(3c)

-To reduce the breakage of grains

-It helps to bring vitamins to the outer layer of the grains

-It reduces the labour requirement to remove husk

-It saves time

 

(3d)

Advantages:

-It helps to increase the farmers income and standard of living

-It gives access to forest product

-It creates employment opportunities

 

Disadvantages:

-Cultivation of selected crops

-Reluctance in releasing fertile soil

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(1a)

Tabulate:

 

Subsistence:

-Requires low capital

-Requires family labour

-Require small area of land

-Low farm output

-Requires low technical know how

 

Commercial:

-Requires high capital

-Requires mechanized farming

-Requires large area of land

-High farm input

-Requires high technical know how

 

(1b)

(i)Inadequate Land:

-Prohibition of land tenure system by government

-Leasing of land by government to farmers at subsidized prices

 

(ii)Inadequate finance:

-Provision of loans to farmers at low interest rate by commercial banks

-Provision of farm inputs at subsidized prices by government

 

(iii)

-Practising of crop rotation

-By using disease resistant varieties

 

(1c)

Agricultural ecology is the agricultural environment on how they affect agricultural production

 

(1d)

Sewage,Refuse,Oil spillage,Fertilizer and drains

 

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(2a)

Farm surveying can be defined as the act of determining the dimension of a farm land ie the length,breadth,soil type, structure etc in order to determine its viability for farm production

 

(2b)

-Its shock can lead to fatal injury

-It is unreliable in most developing nations

-It is sometimes expensive to maintain

-It cannot be used for most driven engines

 

(2c)

-To give an efficient work output

-To maintain lengthy lifespan

-To reduce cost of maintenance

-To avoid incessant breakdown

 

(2d)

Land is any land that is used for either cultivation of crops or rearing of animal for human use and consumption

 

(2e)

-Population pressure:High population pressure creates a problem of inadequate land availability for farm production

-Mining brings more pressure on agricultural land use because it destroys farm lands

-A good topography encourages more agricultural land use

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