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1a.
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
Alam tara kaifa fa’ala rabbuka bi ashaabil feel
Alam yaj’al kai dahum fee tad leel
Wa arsala ‘alaihim tairan abaabeel
Tar meehim bi hi jaaratim min sij jeel
Faja ‘alahum ka’asfim m’akool

1b.
i.Indication to the incident of the Army of the Elephants and their evil consequences
ii.Reminder of the Supreme Power of Allah

2a.
The word tafsir is the verbal noun of ‘fassara’, and means ‘the explanation or interpretation of something.’ According to another opinion, the word tafsir is a transposition from s-f-r, which means, ‘to expose, to uncover.’

2b.

i.it tries to explain Quran so that the understanding of the reader about Quran and its message increases. Reading only the translation can give the literal meanings of the words of Quran, however, Tafsir comes with context in which a particular Ayah was revealed, hence giving a context to each and every word, which consequently means a better understanding of Quran and its verses. If you want to read Quran with its translation, you can enroll for the online Quran Translation course now and start knowing the verses with their meanings.
ii.Tafsir is also important when it comes to driving out the laws of Islam from Quran. Verses of Quran come with instructions, and then there are the hadiths of Prophet (PBUH) that also gives instructions. Thus, Tafsir combines both and gives a complete and comprehendible set of instructions to the reader.
iii.when there is no science involved in the interpretation of Quran, then ambiguity and contradiction is surely to rise. When there is Tafsir of Quran available, that contains the scientific method of analysis of verses, the chances of ambiguity and conflict decrease. Hence, instead of ambiguous interpretations there are clear explanations.
iv.The Fundamental Principles of Qurnic Interpretation”. It refers to those branches of knowledge which are necessary to provide the proper Quranic interpretation (tafseer). This branch of knowledge provides the step-by-step methodology of interpreting the Quran to ensure that interpretations are not merely the result of human whims and fancies.

4a.the term hadith refers to reports of statements or actions of Muhammad, or of his tacit approval or criticism of something said or done in his presence.

4b.
i) Sunnah is always an act of the prophet, alaihissalaam, while a hadith is a report of his statement, act, silent approval or an incident that took place in his life.

ii) Sunnah is clear in what it stands for where as the context of a hadith had to be understood (and therefore interpreted) by all the narrators involved in the chain of transmission. The process of interpretation has also got to be done now by whoever is to benefit from a hadith.

7.In A.D. 645, there were rebellions in the provinces of Azerbaijan and Armenia, and they were quelled.

In 647, Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan, Uthman\’s governor in Syria, invaded Asia Minor and captured Ammuria.

In 648, Abdullah bin Saad bin Abi Sarh, Uthman\’s governor in Egypt, captured Tripoli in Libya.

Both Muawiya and Abdullah bin Saad bin Abi Sarh built fleets and challenged the naval power of the Byzantine in the Eastern Mediterranean.

In 649, Muawiya\’s fleet conquered Cyprus.

In 651, Uthman\’s generals conquered Herat in Afghanistan.

In 652, the first official copy of Al-Qura€¿an al-Majid was published in Medina, and its copies were distributed in all provinces.

In 652-54, Abdullah bin Aamir, Uthman\’s governor in Basra, sent his general, Abdur Rahman bin Samra, to the east, where he conquered Balkh in Khurasan, and Kabul and Ghazni in Afghanistan. These new conquests made the empire of the Muslims contiguous with the sub-continent of Indo-Pakistan.

 

 

 

 

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